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Research

Religious Identities and the Race Against the Virus

American Attitudes on Vaccination Mandates and Religious Exemptions

Wave 3

Published: December 9, 2021

Wave 3

As the Omicron variant of COVID-19 spreads across the United States, heightening tensions around vaccine mandates and religious exemption claims, the Public Religion Research Institute (PRRI) and the Interfaith America (IA) today released Wave 3 of their Religion and the Vaccine Survey, expanding on findings from June 2021 and March 2021. The PRRI–IA surveys remain the largest studies on religion and COVID-19 to date, unveiling new insights on COVID-19 vaccination mandates, religious exemptions, and trends in vaccine hesitancy and acceptance.

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PRRI-IA Research

Keep Learning

What are key dividing factors in vaccine attitudes? Do faith-based approaches move many vaccine-hesitant communities toward acceptance? Dive into the other reports in the PRRI-IA survey series to find out.

Wave 2 Wave 1

Residents of many of the most vaccine-hesitant areas in the United States turn out to be remarkably receptive to faith-based interventions.

— Robert P. Jones, PRRI Founder and CEO